Wisdom teeth are a common problem that affects a large percentage of people. They normally emerge in between the ages of 16 and 25. Some people get them even before while in others they may be delayed for many more years. In some people, wisdom teeth never emerge at all. Wisdom teeth create problems when the jaw is already occupied by other teeth. In such cases, they can protrude sideways or into other teeth. This condition is known as teeth impaction. Surgical removal becomes essential in cases where teeth cause infection, inflammation or pain best dental surgery.
The only solution to teeth impaction is surgical extraction. They cannot be corrected by other means. In certain cases, the teeth emerge only partially. Only one portion of the teeth may extend beyond the gum line. The other portion stays under the gum line, forming a flap over it. Food particles may get trapped in the flap and lead to bacterial infections. Pain may also be experienced during biting in such cases. The only permanent solution in these cases is to surgically remove the wisdom teeth under question.
Wisdom teeth removal is always performed under anesthesia. Certain dentists prefer local anesthesia over general anesthesia. The type of anesthesia that the dentist will use will depend on the condition and the extent of impaction. The local anesthetic preferred by most dentists either Xylocaine. For general anesthesia, nitrous oxide is generally used. There are also other anesthetics that are administered via the intravenous route or orally in the form of pills.
After administering anesthesia, the dentist will expose the impacted tooth by cutting into the gum line. Then, the dentist will extract the tooth. In some cases, there may be breakage of the root during the extraction. In such cases, the extraction procedure may take longer periods of time. After the extraction, stitches are made to the gum to prevent bleeding and to enable faster healing. Painkillers and antibiotics are then administered to suppress pain and infection.